So named because it is the coin most often sharpened by prison inmates to use as a weapon. In this traditional definition a sloop could have multiple jibs on a fixed bowsprit. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply. Could anyone out there give me a little idea about the pros and cons of these types of boats? Modern cutter-rigged cruiser sailing under … In 1994 Walt Schulz developed the Scutter to reflect the combination of the fore triangle plan of a double headsail sloop and the mainsail of a cutter as an alternative rig for all Shannon models. The cutter is one of several types of sailboats. One thing that wasn't mentioned here...maintenance. For long range cruising boat a staysail is very valuable but not essential. A yawl has 2 masts, one behind the rudder post. A cutter is a sloop with 2 foresails(jib, staysail) and a mainsail. A forum community dedicated to Sailing enthusiasts. Our jib-top and staysail add up to … Sloops come in all sizes, from 8-foot dinghies to … A sloop has a mainsail and headsail configuration, the mainsail being set on the mast at its luff and and a spar at its foot called a boom. The majority of yachts today will be bermudan sloops. See Wiktionary Terms of Use for details. On a conventional sloop, a 140% genoa cannot be reefed down with a roller furler to much less than 110% and still power the boat. Come join the discussion about sailing, modifications, classifieds, troubleshooting, repairs, reviews, maintenance, and more! Each is of superior design and construction-it's nice to know you can still buy quality, but you'd better have deep pockets. Agreed wholeheartedly - but I still need to find someone willing to take me. However, the furler broke 50 nm out of Panama and we sailed 7,000 nm to New Zealand with only the genoa but when reefed the effort moved up the mast. Responding to a post over 7 years old? I'm currently reading. the problem with a cutter and a 150 is that tacking is a bitch. Generally the mast of a sloop is further forward than that of a cutter so there is … Cat, Sloop; Cutter; Ketch; Schooner... these are the basic configurations. Sloop. A sloop rig has 1 mast, with a jib and mainsail. Sloop vs. Cutter I understand as an advantage of more but smaller sails, therefore easier handling and more variation according to conditions. A sloop has a single mast and usually only two sails: the mainsail and a headsail, such as a jib or a genoa. The sails were a bit smaller than with a sloop or cutter rig, we could use a 'turbocharger' (mizzen staysail, larger than the main) in lighter winds, and yet we could easily throttle down to little sail area (reefed jib and mizzen, or solent jib and reefed main) in heavy winds. It has a foresail,main and missen. So throw off the bowlines. (nautical) A ship's boat, used for transport ship-to-ship or ship-to-shore. The sloop would be the simplest rig. When beating or close hauled, we furled the staysail and brought the genoa out to 150 as if we were a sloop. The three smaller sails of a cutter are easier to handle and reef than the two larger sails on a sloop—all things being equal. A typical summer day is light air so a boat really needs a 150 to have fun on most summer days. is difficult unless you have the design specifications. I still suggest that this is a worthwhile book to read because much of the science is still valid, but the conclusions need to be taken with a grain of salt. A sloop rig is a boat with a single-mast and a fore and aft sail configuration. Multimasted sailboats fall into different categories based on the size and position of their masts. Catch the trade winds in your sails. It has a foresail,main and missin. Having, for example, a genoa on a headstay furler, and a smaller staysail (some prefer hanked-on over a furler), you can quickly quickly furl the genny and get the staysail into action in a blow. Any suggestions there? Generally, ketches will be in the 40-plus foot range. How shall we choose among them? Hard to argue with aesthetic preferences. Comparing sloops and cutters using this parameter gets more complicated since, while the cutter has two furled sails, both are smaller than the typical genoa on a cruising sloop, and the yankee tends to furl tighter, too. Sloops date back to the early 17 th century but didn’t really become popular until the 20 th century. 1)First of all, I think these are a bit low, are they correct or was the shop having trouble? JavaScript is disabled. Most boats today have a single permanently hoisted headsail with a roller-reefing unit on the headstay. Where’s the mizzen mast? It could have a staysail, if it is a cutter ketch. I mentioned the concept of a "slutter," a sloop that is converted to a cutter by adding a removable inner forestay, in my last post on this subject and thought I should expound a bit on the process of the conversion. Sail away from the safe harbor. "Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things that you didn't do than by the ones you did do. The cutter was originally called a large sloop, with what is now called a sloop being referred to as a small sloop. In this traditional definition a sloop could have multiple jibs. Our choice in a Cape Dory 30 would be a latemodel cutter with full-width galley, Edson pedestal, and the Volvo or Universal diesel. While we wait for the real experts to reply, I can tell you what little I know: cutters are generally thought to offer more options for balancing your sailplan. A frigate was a lightly armed sloop built to mercantile standards. If someone has a staysail on their ketch the boat is still just a ketch. 2)Is the cutter worth the extra 5k or so POE? In basic terms, a ketch can carry more sail area than a sloop, but with smaller sails and a greater range of combinations that are easily managed shorthanded. I’m not in favor of adding a staysail to a sloop. A person or device that cuts (in various senses). Still Plenty Of Area. Sloops may sail better, be easier to maintain, and be simpler overall... Hey Krozet, Well I might just make a new record! As Glanville noted, a ketch can “turn up and down” (upwind and downwind), “go to and fro” (tacking, presumably) “almost with any wind” (in all conditions). The staysail is closer to the mast, moving the center of effort closer to the midpoint of the boat, as well as lower. (obsolete) An officer in the exchequer who notes by cutting on the tallies the sums paid. It seemed to work for us. There are lots of disadvantages, too. Discover. (cricket) A ball that moves sideways in the air, or off the pitch, because it has been cut. sail fast and eat well, dave S/V Auspicious. Bermuda rigged sloops are described as masthead or fractional with a masthead sloop having a larger headsail with the forestay attaching to the top of the mast. Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; A sloop of war, smaller than a frigate, larger than a corvette. I won't talk much about schooner, yawl, junk, gaff or catboat rigs; while they have their own loyal followers and offer It was essentially a big corvette. Although it has gone through some changes through the course of history, the modern cutter rig is generally a set-up with two headsails. Cutters had a rig with a single mast located 50% of the length of the sailplan or further aft, … At the end of this article, you'll understand everything about rig type… I sail L Mich which often has winds around 10-15, though it can, and does, blow 25-40 on occassion. Sloops and cutters can be either gaff rigged like the drawing here or bermudan rigged like most yachts. Explore. Just more overall systems complexity in general. The sail rig and sail type are both part of the sail plan. Therefore, if a double berth ri… The cargo hatch at the aft of the boat was not present until February 2004, and did not function until two subsequent patches. The names were changed in late beta testing. To continue my thoughts on what's important in a cruising boat, I'll talk about rig options – sloop vs. cutter vs. ketch – all of which we've had at least a little experience with. Sloop. Our boat is happiest and easiest to sail in 30 knots+ with deep reefed main and staysail. We are very new to sailing and have a few questions. So I agree that a cutter rig does offer more versitility that a straight sloop. A sloop may also use a racing or cruising spinnaker. Ascertaining whether the mast is aft or forward of station 4 (what if it is at station 4?) If someone chooses to add a staysail it’s still a sloop. Traditionally the sloop rig was a rig with a single mast located forward of 70% of the length of the sailplan. Sloops could be armed with between 10 and 18 guns, be ship rigged or brigs (two-masted square rig) and were capable of most of the tasks undertaken by frigates, with the exception of fleet reconnaissance. (obsolete) A kind of soft yellow brick, easily cut, and used for facework. How's this for a record: I'm reading the original post after 14 years; and (while admittedly, I'm just a wanna be sailor thus far), it still seems relevant. A cutter has one mast like the sloop, and people rightfully confuse the two. Bluewater cruisers traditionally therefore often prefer a cutter rig, which has a single mast and a headstay like a sloop, but also an inner forestay behind the headstay from which a smaller intermediate staysail can be flown. ", Chesapeake Bay Eats restaurant review spreadsheet, VerticalScope Inc., 111 Peter Street, Suite 901, Toronto, Ontario, M5V 2H1, Canada. A sloop has one headsail, a cutter has two or more. A heavy-duty motor boat for official use. What are the pro''s and con''s of a cutter rig vs. a sloop rig? Convert Your Sloop to a Double-Headsail Rig. A variation on the last installment of What’s in a Rig (the sloop) is the Cutter Rig. More sails means more sailmakers bills, more rigging to inspect/replace, more furlers that can get jammed/break bearings, more sheets to lead aft, more holes in the deck to leak, more tension points on the mast...etc. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. While this may seem somewhat heretical at first, there is no arguing the fact that no one wants a mast in the middle of their double berth...! The jigger on the 2nd mast is a control sail, not normally used for upwind power. In most cases it’s the after-most mast. A ketch has 2 masts. A sloop of war was a vessel commanded by an officer with the rank of commander. B ut to get the full potential from this … ... Cutter. Dream. We usually use the sail rig type to refer to the type of boat. Curmudgeon at Large- and rhinestone in the rough, sailing my Farr 11.6 on the Chesapeake Bay. A ketch is a common rig for cruising sailboats. Don't worry if you don't exactly understand what's going on. A sloop is 7k in POE when I tried to order it, and a cutter was 13k when I tried to order it. I have sailed on a 48' cutter with a 150 genoa. Schooner. Traditionally the sloop rig was a rig with a single mast located forward of 50% of the length of the sailplan. A cutter is a sloop with 2 foresails (jib, staysail) and a mainsail. First of all, what is a sail rig?A sail rig is the way in which the sails are attached to the mast(s). 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